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ELICO
 

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Axe(s) of research

ELICO, the Information and Communication Research Team of Lyon is a host team (EA 4147) that groups researchers for the most part based in 5 higher education establishments in Lyon: the Universities of Lyon 1, 2, and 3, the IEP and the ENSSIB. The team has about 70 members including thirty teacher-researchers and around forty PhD students.

The team is active in both fundamental research and applied research in view to ensuring that the work and the results are of optimal use to society.

The research performed by the ELICO team is organised in two major paths of research:
  • Identities, languages and media practices;
  • Digital libraries, documents and mediations.

The first path of research focuses on discourses, journalism and media systems, in particular digital ones.

In this path the approaches followed are socio-discursive and semiotic-pragmatic, while the research aims at identifying perceptions and analysing the transformation of individual and collective identities into discourse by the media.
Whether these identities are in situations of conflict, identities forged by gender, or professional, regional or virtual identities, the objects examined require questioning from diachronic and synchronic angles, which are alone in rendering the rationales in play intelligible within the traditional and digital formats of media information, and making their social poignancy clear. The research also aims at identifying shifts related to the development of digital media; shifts in the frontiers between what is considered “professional” and “amateur” in professional identities and in the rationales of journalistic production (working conditions, relations with sources, business models, and the limitations of technical systems In the first path, ELICO’s researchers implement competences that have led to the production of several works and which root its expertise in the analysis of media identities, practices and languages.

We provide three examples below:
  • The works carried out on journalism in recent years in the framework of the REJ – Network of Journalism Studies – and more recently of the GIS Journalism.
  • The works carried out on regional and media identities (research in collaboration with the GRS, Socialisation Research Group – ISH Lyon 2; participation in LabEx IMU – Intelligence in Urban Worlds; research on “inter-weaved memories of Villeurbanne” with GRePS, Social Psychology Research Group – Lyon 2)
  • Research on media construction of identities discussed socially and politically (the symposium “Le Fait-divers dans tous ses états”, 2006; participation in the worldwide study of GMMP – Global Media Monitoring Project).

This second path of research is structured around the evolution of libraries, archives and documentation services brought about by onlining documents and digital collections.

Several dimensions are envisaged:

  • that of the hybridisation of professional practices, when digital republication permits walkthroughs of collections, like the virtual museum tours proposed by libraries and archives that incorporate both spatial and temporal dimensions;
  • that of access to information and new forms of disseminating knowledge in an era when the new tools available to professionals and the general public allow them to become co-authors in their construction;
  • that of designated uses compared to real uses; that of practices in teaching and in research;
  • that of the socioeconomic models of publishers, libraries and cultural institutions.

The researchers involved have already forged strong links with different institutions, notably with municipal and university libraries, with producers of scientific and technical information (INIST, open archives), with CCSD, with commercial publishers (Elsevier) and with professional organisations working in the domain. The object brought to the fore and studied in the specific framework of Lyon is the digital library. An analysis of different current perceptions should lead us to studying the continuities and discontinuities involved in the changeover from a library to a digital library. Attention will be given to all the sectors covered by libraries, i.e. science, general reading, specialised reading, by basing the works on the team’s expertise in automated content analysis, knowledge organisation analysis and analysis of document classification (knowledge perception analysis).

In the latter path, the researchers implement competences in infometrics underlying ELICO’s expertise in the use of scientometric and bibliometric techniques.

Three examples are given below:
  • The analysis of the dissemination from 1992 to 2004 of a corpus of pharmacology journals from the INIST, by taking into account three factors: lending, popularity (measured by the number of citations), typology of clients (private and public laboratories, etc.). Cf. Interlending & Document supply.
  • A comparative analysis of the scientometric indicator h-index and the well-known impact factor for the 50 most popular journals of the ISI in pharmacology and in psychiatry. (Cf. Scientometric).

[en]Infos pratiques

[en]Coordonnées

  • ELICO - Isabelle Garcin-Marrou
    ISH
    14 av. Berthelot
    69365 Lyon cedex 07
  • [en]Téléphone : 33 (0)4 72 44 58 34

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