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Cognitive Mechanism Study Research Group
 

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Axe(s) of research

The cognitive mechanism study research group (EMC) has a rich and diversified research programme, aimed at several population types (children, young adults, the aged, cerebral lesion patients, psychiatric patients) extending to different subject areas (perception and attention, language, memory and emotion). Methods used include classical experimental psychology tools, neuropsychological dissociation in cerebral lesion patients, functional cerebral imagery and computerised stimulation. Educational activities are organised in close relationship with the group's research subjects. They cover all study cycles and consist of cognitive psychology training, cognitive sciences, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive neuropsychology as well as experimental methodology and statistics. The EMC research group is, under the present four-year contract, associated with the Language Dynamics Research Group (DDL), UMR 5596, CNRS University Lumière Lyon 2.

The EMC research group consists of three teams: the Visual process team, the Language process team and the Memory and emotion team.

The work of the Visual Process team concerns early as well as late visual mechanisms, employing different methods such as psychophysical method, neuropsychological dissociation, cognitive psychopathology, neuropsychopharmacology, computer simulation and functional cerebral imagery, and is organised along three main axes. The first axis concerns the study of the effects of selective attention and learning on visual integration mechanisms. The second axis is focused on the study of involuntary visual attraction through impertinent information stemming from changes in the subject's immediate environment, whilst the third axis concerns identification of functional sub-systems involved in the processing of visual spatial information.

The work of the Language Process Team is also organised along three main axes. The first concerns the study of the emergence of language in children and patterns of the earliest human language. Particular attention is given to inter-individual variability in language acquisition and development of capacity of undivided attention during communication between a child and an adult.
The second axis deals with phonological processing during reading. Here research is focused on the sensitivity of the adult reader (both the hearing and the deaf) to phonological aspects of the written word. Research also involves children who are of normal reading ability, deaf children and dyslexic children. The third research axis is aimed at theoretical, experimental and simulatory development of the study of reading strategies, of comprehension and the memorising of linguistic and non-linguistic information.

The work of the Memory and Emotion team is organised along five axes. The first axis concerns activation and integration of knowledge in long-term memory. The second axis concentrates on capacity for inference and organisation of knowledge, with studies based on different types of knowledge. The third axis centres around the influence of auditory sensory deficiency on explicit and implicit memory capacity, the fourth axis concerning the functioning of operational memory when exposed to emotional strain. The main objective is to study modification and performance of tasks related to operational memory, depending on emotional state created using experimental induction methods. Finally, the fifth axis deals with the study of the functional architecture of emotional mechanisms.

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Publications

  • Baciu M., Koenig O., Vernier M.P., Bedoin N., Rubin C., et Segebarth C., "Categorical and coordinate spatial relations: fMRI evidence for hemispheric specialization, Neuroreport", 1999
  • Bedoin N., (in press)., "Sensitivity to voicing similarity in printed stimuli: Effect of a training programme" in Dyslexic children. Journal of Phonetics.
  • Bedoin N., et Dissard P., "Sonority and syllabic structure in reading: Differences between French and English readers". Current Psychology Letters: Behaviour, Brain et Cognition, 2002
  • Boyer P., Bedoin, N., Honoré S., "Relative contributions of kind- and domain-level concepts to expectations concerning unfamiliar exemplars: Developmental change and domain differences". Cognitive Development, 2000
  • Cuny C., Chery-Croze S., Bougeant J.C., Koenig O., (in press). "Investigation of functional hemispheric asymetry of language in tinnitus sufferers", Neuropsychology.
  • Chokron S., Colliot P., Bartolomeo P., Rhein F., Eusop E., Vassel P., Ohlmann T., "Visual, proprioceptive and tactile performance in left neglect patients", Neuropsychologia, 40, 2002
  • Colliot P., Chokron S., Ohlmann T., "Is there an effect of handedness on the position of the egocentric reference?" Brain and Cognition, 2002
  • Chokron S., Colliot P., Bartolomeo P. (in press), "The role of vision on spatial representation", Cortex.
  • Ecalle J., Magnan A., "The development of epiphonological and metaphonological processing at the start of reading: A longitudinal study", European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2002
  • Koenig O., Thomas-Antérion C., et Laurent B., Procedural learning in Parkinson's disease: Intact and impaired cognitive components. Neuropsychologia, 1999
  • Michelon P., Koenig O., "On the relationship between visual imagery and visual perception : Evidence from priming studies". European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 2002
  • Sander D., Koenig O., "No inferiority complex in the study of emotion complexity: A cognitive neuroscience computational architecture of emotion". Cognitive Science Quarterly, 2002
  • Lété B., Pynte J., "Word-shape and word-lexical-frequency effects in lexical-decision and naming tasks". Visual Cognition, 2003
  • Lété B., Sprenger-Charolles L., Colé P., (in press), MANULEX : "A grade-level lexical database from French elementary-school readers", Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, et Computers.
  • Ducrot S., Lété B., Sprenger-Charolles L., Pynte J., Billard C., "The optimal viewing position effect in beginning and dyslexic readers". Current Psychology Letters, 2003
  • Colé P., Magnan A.,Grainger J., "Syllable-sized units" in visual words recognition: Evidence from skilled and beginning readers". Applied Psycholinguitics, 1999
  • Michael G.A., Kleitz C., Sellal F., Hirsch E., Marescaux C. "Controlling attentional priority by preventing changes" in oculomotor programs : A job for the premotor cortex?", Neuropsychologia, 2001
  • Michael G.A., Boucart M., Degreef J.F., Godefroy O., "The thalamus interrupts top-down attentional processing for permitting exploratory shiftings to sensory signals", Neuroreport, 2001
  • Michael G.A., Desmedt S., (in press). "The human pulvinar and attentional processing of visual distractors", Neuroscience Letters.
  • Tapiero I., van den Broek P., et Quintana M.P. "The mental representation of narrative texts as networks: The role of necessity and sufficiency on the detection of four types of causal textual relations", Discourse Processes, 2002
  • Tapiero I., "Text Structure and Expertise: The Use of Construction-Integration Model", Cognitive Science Quarterly, 2003.
  • Versace R., Allain G., "Negative priming in a gender decision task without prime or target selection", Acta Psychologica, 2001
  • Versace R., Augé A., Thomas-Antérion C., Laurent B., "Affective priming effects in the left and right cerebral hemispheres in patients with Alzheimer's Disease", Aging Neuropsychology and Cognition, 2002
  • Versace R., Nevers B., "Word frequency effect on repetition priming as a function of prime duration and delay between the prime and the target", British Journal of Psychology, 2003

Partnership

  • Neurology Department, University Cantonal Hospital in Geneva
  • Psychology Department, Harvard University, Cambridge MA, USA
  • Geneva Emotion Group, University of Geneva
  • Cognitive Sciences Institute, Boulder, Colorado 
  • Cognitive Sciences Institute of Lyon
  • Information System Structure Research Group, University Lyon 1
  • Experimental Psychology Research Group, University Pierre Mendes France, Grenoble
  • Social Psychology of Cognition Research Group, University Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand
  • Neuroscience and Sensory Systems Research Group, Lyon
  • Mental Processes and Cerebral Activation Research Group, Lyon
  • Neuropsychology Unit of the Bellevue Hospital, Saint-Etienne
  • University of Alcala de Hénarès, Madrid
  • University of Utrecht, Holland
  • University of Ouagadougou
  • University of Minnesota, Centre for Cognitive Science, USA
  • University of New Hampshire, USA
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

[en]ORGANISATION

  • 11 research lecturers
  • 1 associated research lecturer
  • 15 PhD students
  • 4 ATER's (Temporary Teaching and Research Posts)

Statutory members
Barbe Nathalie - Bedoin Nathalie - Bougeant Jean-Claude - Colliot Pascale - Ecalle Jean - Koenig Olivier - Lété Bernard - Magnan Annie - Michael George - Tapiero Isabelle - Versace Rémy
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[en]Infos pratiques

  • [en]Reconnaissance : Recognised by the Ministère de l'éducation nationale, de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche (The Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research)
  • [en]Courriel : LPC@univ-lyon2.fr
  • on Internet : http://unpc.univ-lyon2.fr

[en]Coordonnées

  • [en]Téléphone : +33 (0)4 78 77 23 35
  • [en]Fax : +33 (0)4 78 77 43 51

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